Introducing London

London, the capital of United Kingdom and England. As of the year 2011 it had an estimated population of 8,173,194 residents. It area is estimated to be around 606 sq miles and believed to have been founded in 43AD. It’s the populous region in the United Kingdom with and a vast urban and metropolitan area. It’s situated on the River Thames. It was named Londinium by the Romans.


London is the home of commerce, arts, entertainment, fashion, health care, education, tourism and transport, development and research making it prominence thus making it a global city. London is a leading financial Center. It’s also the most visited as via the international arrivals with the largest airport as per the passenger traffic.
The presence of 43 universities in the city makes it a concentration of massive higher education all over Europe. Having hosted the Olympic Games thrice in the year 2012 it became the first city to toast the summer games in Europe.
With 300 plus and more languages spoken in its boarders signifies a wide range of cultures and people. Accounting for a twelve percent in the United Kingdom’s total population. In the year 2010 the Great Urban Area had an estimate population of 8278251 in reference to the EU it was the second largest.

London is the home to world sites, they comprise of the Kew Gardens having the Westminster Abbey, Westminster Palace and the Saints Church, the Greenwich, the London tower, London Eye, the Shard, Tower Bridge, Buckingham Palace, Trafalgar Square etc. It’s also home to libraries, museums, cultural institutions and sporting events. Among them are: British Library, British Museums’, Tate Modern, National Gallery etc.


London’s etymology is uncertain. Its ancient name was recorded as Londinium thus the Roman origin, its believed to be named by then king Lud. From the year 1898,it had a Celtic origin meaning place of Ladinos but was later rejected by Richard Coates. Until the year 1889 the City of London was the only one termed as London since then it’s also called London County and on the recent referred to as the Great London.


Local government

London’s administration has two tiers; local tier and strategic tier. Its administration is managed by GLA which has two components London’s Assembly and the London’s Mayor. The City Hall is the headquarters of the GLA. There are 32 London boroughs who are council led by the local authorities. Security is offer by the force of the Metropolitan Police. The London’s Fire Brigade provides rescue services and statutory fire it’s headed by the Emergency Authority and the London Fire.

National government

Located near the Westminster Palace, London is head of the United Kingdom’s government. Governments buildings are located near parliament along Whitehall.


The coordinates of London are approximately 51’30’26’N 00’07’39’W.

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The city status is Westminster city and the London City. It was made status by constitution convention.


It comprises of 611 sq miles having a 4542 persons/sq. km population density. London Metropolitan total area is 8382 sq km and an approximate population of 1510 people and a 1510 population density. The Thames is a navigable river crossing the city from the south to the east. Thames Valley is surrounded by the Adding ton hills, Primrose hills and the Parliament hills. Thames is a known tidal river making London prone to floods.


London is known for its oceanic climate. It receives a precipitation of 601 mm in a year. Snow falls five to four times in December to the end of February. London experiences chilly winters from November to the beginning of March. In 2010 it experienced the lowest temperatures of -14 degrees Celsius in the winter season. In summer temperatures of 26 degrees are common in the months of June to August.


The architectural style in London is diverse. Many public places and grand houses e.g. the National Gallery is built using the Portland stone. Buildings on the west are made using white stucco. There are several skyscrapers in central London e.g. the Shard.

Ethnic groups

According to a research done in 2011 59.8% of the total population are whites ,12.1%are other whites while 2,2% being white Irish, 44.9% being White British and 0.1% being gypsy. 20.9% of Londoners are Asians. 15.5% of the population been black 0.5% of the population are mixed race.


There are several religions present in London. According to a census done in 2011 44.8% are Christians, 20.7% have no religion, 12.4% Muslims, 1.8%are the Jews, 1.5% are the Sikhs and 1% being the Buddhists.


20% of UK s GDP is generated by London. Its largest industry being finance.
These are some of the many things about London England’s capital.